Drug testing programs aim to filter out drug users and deter drug use in the workplace. Since companies first began drug testing their employees in the 1980s, drug use among workers subject to testing has steadily declined. Employers are aware of the negative impacts of workplace substance abuse including higher absenteeism, increased risk of injury and lower productivity and performance. Therefore, if the overall goal is to establish a safer, more productive and drug-free work environment, there are many benefits that employers receive from drug testing programs including:
- Improve employee productivity
- Reduce on-the-job accidents and workplace crime, including theft and violence
- Reduce employee turnover
- Decrease absenteeism
- Lower workers’ compensation insurance and healthcare costs, including premiums
- Comply with state or federal regulations
Because every business and workforce is unique, every employer should make a careful determination about the drug testing program elements that are most beneficial for their workplace.